Funciones Cognitivas

Cognitive abilities or functions: definition, examples, and exercises for improving them

Cognition or cognitive functions are mental processesthat allow us to receive, process and elaborate information. They allow individuals to have an active role in the processes of interaction, perception, and comprehension of the environment, which in turn enables them to navigate the world around them.

Cognitive abilities allow us to carry out any task, therefore we use them constantly to learn and remember information, integrate information regarding personal history and identity, manage information relatingto the time or moment one is living and to whereone is heading, maintain and shift attention, recognize different sounds, process different stimuli, perform calculations or represent and mentally manipulate objects.

All the activities we do require using our cognitive functions, which involves millions of neuronal connections distributed throughout the brain lobes and the activation of different brain areas to interactsafely with our environment and process the information we obtain through differentpathways.

Cognitive functions
Types and examples of cognitive abilities:

  1. Orientation
  • Personal
  • Temporal
  • Spatial
  1. Attention
  • Processing speed
  • Sustained attention
  • Selective attention
  • Alternating attention
  • Hemineglect
  1. Memory
  • Semantic
  • Episodic
  • Procedural
  1. Language
  • Expression
  • Comprehension
  • Vocabulary
  • Naming
  • Fluency
  • Discrimination
  • Repetition
  • Reading
  • Writing
  1. Executive functions
  • Working memory
  • Reasoning
  • Planning
  • Inhibition
  • Flexibility
  • Decision making
  • Time estimation
  • Dual-task performance
  • Branching
  1. Gnosis
  • Visual
  • Auditory
  • Tactile
  • Gustatory
  • Olfactory
  • Body schema
  1. Praxis
  • Facial
  • Ideomotor
  • Ideational
  • Visuoconstructive
  1. Visuospatial skills
  • Spatial relations
  • Spatial visualization
  1. Social cognition

Cognitive impairments

Cognitive disorders, as the name suggests, affect cognitive abilities. Individuals who suffer from cognitive disordersthereby have impairmentsin memory, executive function, language, praxis, gnosis, etc.

Below, we recommend different activitiesfor improving cognitive functiondepending onthe type of cognitive function or processto be rehabilitated.

Activities for improving cognitive function or cognitive abilities

This is a compilation of exercises or activities arranged by cognitive ability. Move the mouse over the image links to see what functions are trained in the different activities and have access to blogs addressing the rehabilitation of eachspecific function.

  • Worksheetsto improve gnosis

  • Social skills games


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3 thoughts on “Cognitive abilities or functions: definition, examples, and exercises for improving them

  1. Katy Arguelles Wednesday July 11th, 2018 at 12:57 PM

    Muy útil este resumen de habilidades cognitivas como tabla de contenidos.

  2. Carla Monday October 22nd, 2018 at 06:00 PM

    Excelente material, muchas gracias por tu aporte.

    • NeuronUP Monday October 29th, 2018 at 05:45 PM

      ¡Gracias a ti Carla!

      Aprovechamos la posibilidad de recordate que, si eres profesional, puedes solicitar la demo gratuita de NeuronUP durante 10 días para probar todas nuestras actividades:

      ¡Un saludo!

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