Since 1997 on April 11 th each year, World Parkinson’s Disease Day is celebrated as a way to raise awareness about the symptoms and needs of people who suffer from this disease. In 1817, the British neurologist James Parkinson first identified this condition that now bears his name. 200 years later, the need to promote research for this disease continues to be pressing.
What is Parkinson’s disease?
Parkinson’s is a chronic and crippling neurodegenerative disorder that affectsthe central nervous system.
Keep in mind that this disease does not affect everyone the same way. The progress of symptoms, the response to treatments, and the rate of progression of the disease differ among individuals. This is why personalized treatment is necessary.
The most common symptoms of Parkinson’s disease include generalized slowness of movement, gradual loss of spontaneous movement, resting tremor, and rigidity (stiffness). Other symptoms such as impaired balance and altered postural reflexescan also occu r, causing people with Parkinson’s to fall easily.
Other frequently associated symptoms include mood disorders uch as anxiety, depression, and apathy, and the presence of cognitive impairment, which affects memory, attention and processing speed among o ther functions.
Causes and treatment
The causes of Parkinson’s disease remain unknown and there is currently no cure for this condition. However, there are many therapies and treatments aimed at alleviating the symptoms and d improving the quality of life of the individuals suffering from this disease.
At NeuronUP, we recommend cognitive stimulation activities for people with Parkinson’s disease which emphasize the most frequently impaired cognitive processes.
The Spanish Parkinson Federation stresses the need for research on the disease. The creation of a Reference Center for the Research of Parkinson’s and Parkinsonism is demanded with “the objective of facilitating research and finding the cure for this disease”.