El TDAH en la infancia: síntomas, diagnóstico y tratamiento

ADHD in children: symptoms, diagnosis and treatment


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ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.Between 2% and 5% of children and adolescents suffer from this disorder. On average, there are 1 to 2 students who have ADHD in every classroom of 30 students.

It is a chronic conditionwhose signs and symptoms typically appear before the age of seven. It is also more common in boys than in girls. According to the Spanish Federation of Associations devoted to helping attention deficiency and hyperactivity,for every four boys with ADHD, there is one girl with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

It is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by the core symptoms of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity. There are three subtypes of ADHD based on the predominantsymptomor on whether the symptoms appear combined.

Subtypes of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: 

  • Predominantly inattentive: More inattentivesymptoms, rather than hyperactive or impulsive symptoms.
  • Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive: The majority of symptoms are hyperactive and impulsive, with few or no inattentive symptoms.
  • Combined: A mix of inattentive, hyperactive, and impulsive symptoms.

How to recognize ADHD?

Early diagnosis is crucial in preventing complications. The main signs of each category are:

Inattention

  • Fail to pay attention to details
  • Haveproblems sustaining attention in tasks or funactivities
  • Make careless mistakes, for example, in schoolwork
  • Are easily distracted by extraneousstimuli
  • Do not seem to listen when spoken to directly
  • Have difficulty following through on instructions and fail to finish tasks
  • Have trouble organizingtasks and activities

Hyperactivity

  • Fidget with hands or feet or squirm in seat
  • Leaveseat in situations in whichremaining seated is expected
  • Have excess energy
  • Run about or climb excessivelyin situations whereit is inappropriate (in adults, feelings ofrestlessness)
  • Have trouble playingor engaging in leisure activitiesquietly
  • Talk excessively

Impulsivity

  • Blurt out answers before questions have been completed
  • Have difficulty awaiting turn
  • Interrupt or intrude on others

How to deal with ADHD?

Treatment for children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder involves a multidisciplinary program that meets the specific needs of each childto improve their individual capacities and characteristics. It requires pyschotherapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, pharmacological treatment, and psycho-pedagogical intervention.

Next Tuesday, in order to train cognitive deficits in children with ADHD, NeuronUP will recommend cognitive rehabilitation activities for children with ADHD.

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7 thoughts on “ADHD in children: symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

  1. Avatar
    Yessica Monday January 28th, 2019 at 11:36 PM

    Buen dia necesito estrategias para trabajar en el Aula con un niño de preescolar con TDAH

    • Avatar
      NeuronUP Thursday January 31st, 2019 at 01:28 PM

      Hola Jessica,

      ¡Gracias por tu consulta! Desde NeuronUP te recomendamos que acudas a un profesional para que te guíe en tus estrategias.
      ¡Un saludo!

  2. Avatar
    Nelly Tuesday July 30th, 2019 at 03:31 PM

    Bue dia ,quisiera saber como podria ayudar a mi niño con déficit de atención. Gracias

    • Avatar
      NeuronUP Tuesday July 30th, 2019 at 03:52 PM

      Hola Nelly,

      Lo primero, te mandamos mucho ánimo. Desde NeuronUP te recomendamos que vayas a un profesional que evalue a tu hijo y te oriente en su intervención.

      Un saludo.

  3. Avatar
    Martha Torres Friday November 1st, 2019 at 11:02 AM

    Buenos dias mi nombre es Matha,me gustaria saber mas sobre los temas que exponen. En la actualidad son de gran interes. Exitos

    • Avatar
      NeuronUP Monday November 4th, 2019 at 10:21 AM

      Hola Martha,

      Puedes suscribirte a nuestra newsletter para estar al día de todas las novedades sobre rehabilitación y estimulación cognitiva.

      Gracias por tu interés 🙂

      Un saludo,

      El equipo de NeuronUP

  4. Avatar
    Alma Tuesday December 24th, 2019 at 10:10 AM

    Por favor, ayuda para despejar una duda… la terapia farmacológica puede ser aplicada sin algún estudio previo que muestre la actividad cerebral ? Es decir, solo con la observación de los síntomas

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