Problemas de atención: qué son, tipos y síntomas

Attention problems: what are they, types and symptoms


We live in a time in which we are swamped with stimuli that make it difficult for us to maintain attention on a task. It is becoming more common to watch a movie while reading the news on the computer and texting on the phone at the same time. We are now used to perform several tasks simultaneously, but do we really pay enough attention to what we are doing? How can we tell when we are dealing with attention problems? Can attention be trained?

What is attention?

Attention is the cognitive ability to generate, direct, and maintain an appropriate state of alertness to correctly process information

Types of attention

There are three different processes or types of attention:

  • Sustained attention: the ability to continuously maintain focus on a task or event over a long period of time.
  • Selective attention: the ability to direct attention and focus on a task without interruption or interference from either external or internal factors or stimuli.
  • Alternating attention: the ability to rapidly shift focus from one task to another.

Attention problems:

The most common difficulties experienced by people with attention problems are:

  • Becoming easily distracted and failing to pay attention to details
  • Difficulty following instructions and completing tasks
  • Making careless mistakes
  • Avoiding tasks that require sustained mental effort

For example, when we are shifting focus continuously from one stimulus to another and we are not able to focus attention on any of them, we are struggling with attention problems. This will decisively influence memory processes because if we do not pay sufficient attention to a stimulus, we will not be able to process it and retain it in memory.

Can attention be trained?

At NeuronUP we believe that attention can be trained, so that is why we recommend exercises to improve attention:

Problemas de atención en adultos y niños: qué son, tipos y síntomas
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Problemas de atención en adultos y niños: qué son, tipos y síntomas
¿Qué es la atención? ¿Qué tipos existen?¿Cómo sabemos cuando estamos ante problemas de atención? ¿Se puede entrenar? En NeuronUP os lo explicamos.
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3 thoughts on “Attention problems: what are they, types and symptoms

  1. Avatar
    Juan Aguilara Saturday March 9th, 2019 at 11:56 PM

    A mi hija le diagnosticaron de 4 añis le diagnosticaron falta de atencion

  2. Avatar
    Varshini Sunday July 21st, 2019 at 02:56 PM

    How to treat maladaptive behavior? ?

    • Avatar
      NeuronUP Monday July 22nd, 2019 at 08:36 AM

      Hi Varshini,

      Thanks for your message! NeuronUP is a professional rehabilitation platform. We recommend you to visit a specialist to get a treatment to treat maladaptive behaviour.


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