Ejercicios de rehabilitación cognitiva para personas con esclerosis múltiple

Cognitive rehabilitation exercises for people with multiple sclerosis


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Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease that is caused by an unknown virus or antigen. In this case, our body’s immune system attacks myelin, which is a substance that envelops nerve fibers, allowing the transmission of nerve impulses at an adequate speed, which results in poor communication between neurons and causes various symptoms described below.

Symptoms of multiple sclerosis

The most common symptoms of multiple sclerosis are visual disturbances, balance problems, speech problems, tremor in the hands, weakness in the limbs and loss of strength.

Cognitive problems in memory, coding and retrieval of information and emotional problems such as anxiety and depression are also common.

Treatment

Currently there is no treatment to cure this neurodegenerative disease although we can find some drugs that delay its development and improve its symptoms.

In addition, these drugs are combined with physiotherapy sessions, occupational therapy and speech therapy. In addition, the figure of the neuropsychologist is fundamental to address the cognitive deficits that are appearing. The NeuronUP cognitive stimulation platform allows neuropsychologists, occupational therapists and speech therapists to adapt each activity to the particularities and needs of each person, delaying the effects of the disease’s neurodegenerative diseases.

The examples of cognitive rehabilitation exercises for people with multiple sclerosis described here have been developed by NeuronUP and have been designed to train cognitive skills:

Cognitive rehabilitation exercises for people with multiple sclerosis

Below we propose four cognitive rehabilitation exercises for people with multiple sclerosis:

1. Jump the Squares

How is it played?

The patient has to follow a path with the objective of reaching the final square, jumping elements or going backwards, according to the rules indicated. The objective is that the user learns to be flexible according to the task imposed.

Cognitive rehabilitation exercises for people with multiple sclerosis

Play different levels

In the simpler levels the route will be simpler and there will be fewer indications, while in the more advanced levels the route is complicated and the indications are multiplied.
This activity is available in both digital and paper formats.

Cognitive Functions worked

2. Bottle caps

How is it played?

The patient needs to eliminate the numbered bottle caps in sequential order while the caps are moving.

Ejercicios de rehabilitación cognitiva para personas con esclerosis múltiple
NeuronUP Activity “Bottle Caps”

Play by levels

In the simplest levels the user will have fewer bottle caps with very low numbers, while in the more difficult levels there will be many more bottle caps and  three digit numbers may appear.

Personalization of the activity

This activity can be personalized to the needs of the patient working the activity.

General aspects

You can adjust the general aspects such as the number of exercises, the maximum time, whether or not you want a visible stopwatch for the activity, modify the execution instructions, etc.

Parameters

And, on the other hand, the parameters, where you can select the number of bottle caps, the range of numbers, the order of the numbers (from lowest to highest or from highest to lowest), whether the bottle caps are moving or not and the maximum errors.

Funciones cognitivas

3. Put Numbers in Order

How is it played?

This is a very fun exercise where the patient has to put a series of numbers from higher or lower or vice versa.

Ejercicios de rehabilitación cognitiva para personas con esclerosis múltiple
NeuronUP Activity “Put Numbers in Order”

Personalization of the activity

This activity can be personalized to the needs of the patient working the activity.

General aspects

You can adjust general aspects of the activity like function type, maximum time, if you want to show a timer, in activity warning or personalize the instructions for the patient.

Parameters

In the parameters specific to the activity you can choose the range of numbers, the quantity of numbers, type of numbers (whole, decimals, positive, negative) and the order. el rango de números, la cantidad de números, el tipo de números (enteros, decimales o negativos) y el orden.

Cognitive Functions

This activity is designed to work the processing speed, i.e., the rate at which the brain performs a task (obviously, it varies according to the task, depending on the other cognitive functions involved in the task).

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4. Word Scramble

How is it played?

This game consists in creating a word from the available words.

Play by levels

In the simplest levels there will be fewer letters and shorter words and in the most difficult levels it will go up to twelve letter words.

Personalization of the activity

This activity can be personalized to the needs of the patient working the activity.

General aspects

You can adjust the general aspects such as number of exercises, maximum time, if you want a timer shown or not and change the instructions.

Parameters

You can also change the length of the words, how many clues they get and errors allowed.

Cognitive functions

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