- 1 Causes of intellectual disability
- 2 Symptoms of intellectual disability
- 3 Cognitive stimulation in people with intellectual disabilities
- 4 Cognitive stimulation activities for people with intellectual disabilities
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- 4.3 3. Order Sequence
- 4.4 4. Matching Nouns to Images’
- 4.5 5. Emotion recognition
Intellectual disability (ID) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by significant limitations in intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior, which manifest themselves during the developmental period.
Causes of intellectual disability
ID can have multiple causes:
- Toxic: Intrauterine exposure to alcohol, cocaine or other drugs.
- And various other causes
It can also originate at different times:
- Before the baby is born;
- During birth;
- Because of a serious illness in childhood.
Symptoms of intellectual disability
Social and practical skills are affected, i.e. the daily living skills needed to live, work and play in the community: communication, social and interpersonal skills, self-care, domestic life, self-control, basic academic skills (basic reading, writing and mathematics), work, leisure, health and safety.
Adaptive skills are considered to be limited if there is a deficit in at least two of these areas compared to children of the same age and culture.
Cognitive stimulation in people with intellectual disabilities
Cognitive stimulation is recommended for all persons with intellectual disabilities in order to enhance their existing abilities, try to develop to the maximum those they do not have and give them strategies to replace those they cannot develop. In this way, the aim is for them to have a life that is as functional and autonomous as possible.
The cognitive stimulation program of NeuronUP allows neuropsychologists, occupational therapists and speech therapists to adapt each activity to the particularities and needs of each person with intellectual disability.
The examples of cognitive stimulation activities for people with intellectual disabilities that we describe here have been developed by NeuronUP under the principles of generalization.
Cognitive stimulation activities for people with intellectual disabilities
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