Actividades de estimulación cognitiva para personas con discapacidad intelectual

Cognitive stimulation activities for people with intellectual disabilities


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Intellectual disability (ID) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by significant limitations in intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior, which manifest themselves during the developmental period.

Causes of intellectual disability

ID can have multiple causes:

  • Metabolic;
  • Infectious;
  • Chromosomal;
  • Environmental;
  • Nutritional;
  • Toxic: Intrauterine exposure to alcohol, cocaine or other drugs.
  • And various other causes

It can also originate at different times:

  • Before the baby is born;
  • During birth;
  • Because of a serious illness in childhood.

Symptoms of intellectual disability

Social and practical skills are affected, i.e. the daily living skills needed to live, work and play in the community: communication, social and interpersonal skills, self-care, domestic life, self-control, basic academic skills (basic reading, writing and mathematics), work, leisure, health and safety.

Adaptive skills are considered to be limited if there is a deficit in at least two of these areas compared to children of the same age and culture.

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Cognitive stimulation in people with intellectual disabilities

Cognitive stimulation is recommended for all persons with intellectual disabilities in order to enhance their existing abilities, try to develop to the maximum those they do not have and give them strategies to replace those they cannot develop. In this way, the aim is for them to have a life that is as functional and autonomous as possible.

The cognitive stimulation program of NeuronUP allows neuropsychologists, occupational therapists and speech therapists to adapt each activity to the particularities and needs of each person with intellectual disability.

The examples of cognitive stimulation activities for people with intellectual disabilities that we describe here have been developed by NeuronUP under the principles of generalization.

Cognitive stimulation activities for people with intellectual disabilities

1. Select Items from a Category

How is it played?

The patient has to select a series of specific elements from a group of stimuli.

Play by level

In the simpler levels it will be easier as there will be less objects to select, while in the more advanced levels it will be more complicated as there will be more images to choose from.

In addition, this tab is available in both digital and paper format.

Cognitive functions

2. Select Items from a Category

How is it played?

It consists of relating various objects with the places where they are obtained and the professionals who are in charge of them.

Play by level

In the simpler levels it will be easier as there will be less objects to select, while in the more advanced levels it will be more complicated as there will be more images to choose from.

In addition, this tab is available in both digital and paper format.

Funciones cognitivas

3. Order Sequence

How is it played?

It is an exercise that consists of ordering a series of visual elements previously memorized..

NeuronUP activity Order Sequence 1/2
NeuronUP activity Order Sequence 2/2

Personalization of the activity

In addition, you can customize the activity to suit each patient’s capabilities.

General aspects

You will be able to adjust general aspects such as the type of operation, the maximum time, whether or not you want a visible stopwatch for the activity and an inactivity warning, modify the performance instructions, etc.

Parameters

And, on the other hand, the parameters, where you can select the number of elements, the number of exercises and the category of the elements (random, clothes and accessories, fruit and vegetables, furniture and appliances, animals, leisure, hygiene and beauty, kitchen utensils, office material, means of transport or instruments)

Cognitive Functions

This activity is designed to work on episodic memory, a type of declarative memory that is characterized because what we remember are facts or events, lived experiences located in space and time.

4. Matching Nouns to Images’

How is it played?

This worksheet consists of relating each noun with the image that represents it

Play by levels

In the simpler levels it will be easier as there will be less pictures to relate to your nouns and they will be simpler words, while in the more advanced levels there will be a greater number of words and they will be more complicated.

In addition, this card is available in both digital and paper format.

Cognitive Functions

This worksheet is created for the professional to work on the vocabulary with its users, with the aim of expanding their lexical knowledge.

5. Emotion recognition

How is it played?

It is an activity that consists of recognizing the emotions shown and relating them to the terms that define it. In this case you have to choose between whether this man is having fun or is angry.

NeuronUP activity ‘Emotion Recognition”

Play by levels

At the simpler levels it will be easier as there will be fewer terms to relate and no possibility of doubt between the right option, while at the more advanced levels the options and difficulty will increase.

In addition, this card is available in both digital and paper format.

Cognitive Functions

If you liked this article on cognitive stimulation activities for persons with intellectual disabilities, you may also be interested in the following information:

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