dislexia-que-es-sintomas-tipos-ejercicios-dislexicos - 1

Dyslexia: meaning, symptoms, types and dyslexic activities

Dyslexia is a specific learning disorder characterized by an impaired ability to recognize words, slow and hesitantreading, and poor reading comprehension.

This neurodevelopmental disorder is estimated to affect approximately one in ten children, there by leading to severe difficulties in school. Therefore, detecting this disorder early is important in order to deal with this situation and improve learning.

Dyslexia: Meaning and Treatment

Most common dyslexia symptoms

Dyslexia does not only refer to difficulties in learning to read and write,but people with this disorder may also experience processing speed problems, difficulties with motor skills, and issues with visual and/or auditory perception.Individuals with this disorder mayas well havedifficulties with short-term memory, organization, sequencing, and spoken language.

The most common signs of dyslexia are outlined below. It is important, however, to point out that every case of this disorder is unique and as such, someone with this disorder may not exhibit all the following symptoms:

  • Laterality/directionality problems
  • Spatial/temporal difficulties
  • Confusing similar-sounding words
  • Difficulty with articulation or pronunciation
  • Transposing and reversing letters and numbers
  • Reading is labored and filled with errors
  • Concentration problems whenreading or writing
  • Difficulty following instructions or learning routines
  • Balance difficulties
  • Difficulty organizing thoughts or ideas
  • Short-term memory issues
  • Difficulty staying focused
  • Difficulty with math skills
  • In some cases–especially in poorly-managed ones–dyslexic individuals have speech difficulties.

Types of dyslexia

To make a classification of it, we will firstmake a distinction between two types: acquired and developmental.

  1. Acquired: caused by brain damage.
  2. Developmental: not caused by a sudden brain insult. The most common type to affect school age children.

There is as well another possible classification based on the patient’s predominant deficits:

  1. Phonological an impairment in the phonological or sublexical route. Phonological dyslexic patients read via the lexical route and infer the words (e.g.: reading “cat” for “cut” and “dog” for “log”). Children can read familiar words, butfail to readnew, unfamiliar words, andpseudowords or nonwords.
  2. Surface:an impairment in the visual or lexical route. Surface dyslexic patients read via the sublexical route. Children can read regular words, but have trouble reading words that are irregular (e.g.: yacht or debt). The reading speed of these children decreases with increased word length; they make mistakes that involve omission, addition, or substitution of letters; and they often have difficulty distinguishing homophones (e.g.: hear and here).
  3. Deep: a deficit to both the lexical and the sublexical reading systems (visual and phonological routes). Deep dyslexic patients make many semantic errors and visual errors.

 Treatment for dyslexia. Dyslexia activities

How is dyslexia treated? How can kids with dyslexia be helped? Once diagnosed, children should start dyslexia therapy with a specialist to help strengthen learning skills. As part of the treatment, children will undergo cognitive stimulation.

Below, NeuronUP provides professionals with a series of activities for helping children with this disorder:

Dyslexia resources: dyslexia activities 

1. Making words

Kids with dyslexia must select individual letters to form words in the correct order. This activity has been designed to train vocabularyhemineglect and working memory.

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2. Visual discrimination of real words

In this exercise, children must discriminate a real word among a group of words.


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3. Discrimination of real words and pseudowords

In this activity, children must find areal wordor pseudowordamong a group of words. This exercise developed by NeuronUP is paper-based and targets selective attention and discrimination.

dyslexic activities - dyslexia worksheets

4. Letter Discrimination

This activity involves finding those words that contain a given letter. This is an useful exercise to train letter discrimination and selective attention.




5. Matching Word to Image

As shown in the image, the kid must select the word that matches the picture. This dyslexia worksheet targets discrimination.

6. Word Scramble

This activity consists of rearranging the letters to form the correct word. It trains vocabulary and working memory.

dyslexic activities - dyslexia worksheets 2

Can you see the word?


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11 thoughts on “Dyslexia: meaning, symptoms, types and dyslexic activities

  1. MIRIAN PEREZ VARGAS Monday October 29th, 2018 at 05:04 PM

    Buen dia ustedes me pueden ayudar con material de apoyo dislexia 2.3 , con el respectivo costo, donde puedo retirar, etc, para mi hijo de 12 años 9 meses, la psicopedagoga solicito ese material.

    • NeuronUP Monday October 29th, 2018 at 05:51 PM

      Hola Mirian,

      ¡Gracias por tu interés en NeuronUP! Nuestra plataforma de rehabilitación y estimulación cognitiva está dirigida a profesionales. Ellos son las personas adecuadas para sacar el máximo partido a nuestra herramienta en el proceso de rehabilitación. Si nos facilitas tu lugar de residencia, podemos ponerte en contacto con un centro de tu entorno que utilice NeuronUP.

      ¡Gracias de nuevo por tu interés!

      ¡Un saludo!

  2. Julio cesar Ochoa Flores Sunday November 11th, 2018 at 08:11 AM

    Hola, me pueden apoyar con la dirección o el contacto para una concertar una cita, en la ciudad de Pinotepa Nacional Oaxaca o lo más cercano a esta ciudad

    • NeuronUP Tuesday November 27th, 2018 at 06:13 PM

      Hola Julio César,
      NeuronUP es una plataforma online para profesionales. Si eres profesional y quieres adquirir NeuronUP puedes consultar nuestros planes en el siguiente link: https://www.neuronup.com/es/show/plans

      ¡Si tienes cualquier cuestión, no dudes en volver a contactarnos!

      Un saludo

  3. Karina G Friday November 23rd, 2018 at 12:53 PM

    Hola, me ha gustado mucho este Post es lo más claro y agradble que he podido encontrar, cómo puedo saber si es dislexia y no malos hábitos de estudio?

    • NeuronUP Tuesday November 27th, 2018 at 06:14 PM

      Hola Karina,
      Nosotros te recomendamos que acudas a un profeisonal para realizar un diagnóstico preciso.
      Un saludo y ¡gracias por tu interés y tu comentario!

  4. Giovanni Maldonado Friday November 30th, 2018 at 08:00 PM

    Hola! muy buen post, quisiera saber quien lo escribió, únicamente para fines académicos

  5. Kenia Thursday December 20th, 2018 at 05:46 AM

    Hola tengo una niña de 8 años y recien le diagnosticaron dislexia me gustaria saber si en morelia mich. Tienen algun consultorio o para poder acudir a el muchas grasias

    • NeuronUP Thursday December 20th, 2018 at 11:54 AM

      Hola Kenia,

      ¿Qué tal? NeuronUP es una plataforma web de neurorrehabilitación. Tenemos clientes que trabajan con nuestra plataforma en Morelia si está interesada en conocerlos póngase en contacto con nosotros en [email protected].

      ¡Gracias por su interés!

      Un saludo,

  6. lisset Tuesday January 8th, 2019 at 07:14 PM

    hola soy de Cuba y me ha encantado encontrar este sitio sobre todo para mi desarrollo profesional, quisiera saber sobre las consecuencias psicologicas en un niño que ha tenido un mal manejo del trastorno de la dislexia por parte de padres y maestros y su posible tratamiento. gracias

    • NeuronUP Wednesday January 9th, 2019 at 10:53 AM

      Hola Lisset,

      ¡Muchas gracias por tu feedback! ¡Nos alegra que te haya gustado nuestra página! Desde NeuronUP te recomendamos que para un correcto tratamiento acudas a un profesional para que le puedan hacer al niño un diagnóstico correcto.

      Un saludo.

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