Heminegligencia: La mitad de todo

Hemineglect: The Half of Everything


How many times have you gone to the fridge or the closet looking for something specific, and even though you had what you were looking for right in front of you, you didn’t see it? If this ever happened to you, you were probably surprised to find it where you had not seen it before: “But it wasn’t there earlier…”, you thought to yourself.

A similar sensation is usually described by people who suffer from hemispatial neglectwhen, by changing positionor perspective, they suddenly become aware of an object that, whiler emaining in the same place the whole time, hadgone unnoticed [1].

Hemispatial neglect is a disturbance of attention following brain injuryin which people fail to respond or orient to stimuli or objects in one half of space (usually the side opposite their lesion) while being able to attend to stimuli in the other half [2,3].

Although unilateral spatial neglect or neglect syndrome can result from damage to the left hemisphere of the brain, it is more common and severe after right hemisphere damage[2,3]; therefore it has been suggestedthat hemispatial neglectis best described as an indifference to the left side of the world [4].

People with hemispatial neglect due to right hemisphere lesionsdo not look or turn their head towards the left side, nor do they attend to visual, auditory or tactile stimuli on their left[3] and thus, it is common that they eat only the food on the righthalf of the plate, draw only the right half of the objects when copying, or read half of the sentences or words in the absence of sensory deficits [2,3].

In a study that exemplifies the nature of this disorder [5], patients were presented simultaneously with two line drawings of a house: one undamaged house and one burning with flames and smoke coming out fromitsleft side window. When asked whether the houses were identical or different, patients reported no differences; yet, when asked which house they would prefer to live in, they chose the undamaged house without being able to explain why.

Therefore, this study demonstrated that in patients with hemispatial neglect after right hemisphere damage, the brain does perceive the left hemispace but, due to a disruption in the pathway of that information to areas of the brainwhich enable its integration into consciousness, the patient does not perceive it. In other words, it is a failure in conscious processing of one half of the visual fieldand not some formof blindness[5].

Hemineglect affects mental representations of space

Hemineglect does not only apply to information from the external environmentbut also affects mental representations of space.In another classic experiment [6], when patients were asked to imagine being in a well-known square (the Piazza del Duomo in Milan) and to describe it, they only referred to details on the right side of the square and omitted those on the left side. To rule out memory problems, they were then asked to imagine standingat the opposite end of the square and to describe it from there: patients then described in detail what they had not previously been able to identify, omitting the details of the left side which had beenpreviously described.

Hemi-inattention can also affect the body schema,that is, one side of one’s own body: this disorder is named hemiasomatognosia [3]. When this occurs, people may apply make-up to only one side of the face, shave only on one side of the face, or bump into objects on theirneglected side [3,4]

The most striking thing about hemi-inattention is that, in the most severe cases, the affected individual seems to have lost the concept of the left side. While in some cases, when the patient’s attention is directed towards an object located on the neglected or contralesional side, the patient can see and identify it without any problems [4]; in other cases, not even when encouraged to “look to the left “, can the patient understand what is meant by the person saying it [1].

Rehabilitation of hemineglect

One frequent method commonly used in the rehabilitation of hemineglect is to bring the patient’s attention continuously toward the side that he/she ignoresby standing on the patient’s left side, speaking from that side, and even arranging furniture in such a way that the person is forced to orient him/herself toward that sideat all times (e.g.: placing the bed against the wall on his/her non-neglected side)[2]. Therefore, it is also important to keep these considerations in mind during specific neuropsychological rehabilitation when performing attention tasks.

NeuronUP  has developed different exercises for training hemineglect. If you are a professional involved in neurorehabilitation and would like to try them, request a free demo of the platform:

REQUEST DEMO

By: Lidia García Pérez

Translated by Silvia Duque

Lidia García Pérez

Neuropsicóloga clínica e investigadora predoctoral en Laboratorio de Neurociencia Cognitiva y Computacional (Centro de Tecnología Biomédica, UCM-UPM).
Lidia García Pérez

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2 thoughts on “Hemineglect: The Half of Everything

  1. Avatar
    Carmen Moralejo Thursday September 27th, 2018 at 01:46 PM

    Buenos días, soy Terapeuta Ocupacional de un hospital de media y larga estancia de la Comunidad de Madrid y tengo muchos pacientes con heminegligencia y ya he agotado casi todos los recursos que tengo para trabajar las heminegligencias, me gustaría que me informarais de como trabajáis vosotros, gracias y un saludo

    • Avatar
      NeuronUP Thursday September 27th, 2018 at 05:44 PM

      Hola Carmen,
      ¡Muchas gracias por tu interés en conocer NeuronUP!
      Por lo que nos comentas creemos que NeuronUP puede serte de gran ayuda y proporcionarte miles de recursos para tu intervención. Te recomiendo que acudas a una de nuestras formaciones gratuitas para que conozcas de primera mano el funcionamiento de la plataforma y a continuación solicites una demo para probarla con tus usuarios: https://blog.neuronup.com/webinars/
      ¡Por favor, no dudes en volver a preguntarnos si tienes alguna duda!
      Un saludo, ¡que tengas un buen día!

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