Next Thursday March 21st we celebrate World Down Syndrome Day and during this week from NeuronUP we would like to give visibility to people with this syndrome. Today we explain what Down syndrome is, we dispel myths about Down syndrome, we discard figures and we talk about the importance of early care.
What is Down syndrome?
Down syndrome is a genetic alteration caused by the presence of an extra chromosome. People with Down syndrome have all or part of a third copy of chromosome 21.
Dismantling myths around Down syndrome
- Down syndrome is not a disease and therefore does not require any medical treatment.
- There are no distinct levels of Down syndrome. Each person is different and has different characteristics and alterations.
- For every 600-700 pregnancies in the world, one person with Down syndrome is born.
- Maternal age is a risk factor, especially when the mother is over 35.
- 34. 000 people in Spain have Down syndrome
- 6 million people worldwide have Down syndrome.
- Between 30 and 40% of people with disabilities have Down syndrome.
- Life expectancy for people with Down syndrome is around 60 years.
This genetic alteration causes a slower development so it is imperative that children attend Early Attention programs.
- They are stimulation programs aimed at children with Down syndrome between 0-6 years.
- To stimulate psychomotor, cognitive, linguistic and socio-affective development.
- The objective is to reduce the maturity delay associated with this disease.
If you found this article interesting, you might want to take a look at the following:
- Down syndrome told by the Asociación Síndrome de Down Las Palmas
- Aura Fundació discusses the importance of cognitive stimulation for people with intellectual disability